Chicago Citation Style
Okuda, Michael, and Denise Okuda. 1993. Star Trek chronology: The history of the future. New York: Pocket Books.
Wilcox, Rhonda V. 1991. Shifting roles and synthetic women in Star
Trek: The Next Generation. Studies in Popular Culture 13 (2): 53-65.
Do not include the page numbers in the reference list. Cite the specific pages in the parenthetical
reference. (section 17.183)
Smith, Jane. 1996. There is no resisting the Borg queen. Maclean's,
Do not include the page numbers in the reference list or the parenthetical reference. If the
newspaper has several editions, include that information as shown under the next item.
Di Rado, Alicia. 1995. Trekking through college: Classes explore
modern society using the world of Star Trek. Los Angeles Times, March 15, sec. A.
Newspaper Article - No Author (section 17.192)
Do not follow this format for other items without an author. See notes below.
Newsday. 2003. Activision suing over Star Trek. July 2, Queens edition,
Well known, alphabetically arranged reference books used as sources are not included
in the reference list but are cited in the text (section 17.238). Examples:
In his article on science fiction in the 1995 edition of the Encyclopedia Americana, Theodore Sturgeon says that the phrase, science fiction, was created by Hugo Gernsback.
Theodore Sturgeon says that the phrase, science fiction, was created by Hugo Gernsback (Encyclopedia Americana, 1995 ed., s.v. "Science fiction.").
Articles from less well known reference books can be treated as a Book Article or Chapter
Book Article or Chapter (sections 17.68-17.70)
For multivolume books, include the volume number before the page number (ex. 3:26-27)
James, Nancy E. 1988. Two sides of paradise: The Eden myth according to Kirk and Spock. In Spectrum of the fantastic, ed. Donald Palumbo, 219-223. Westport, CT: Greenwood.
ERIC Document (section 17.242)
Fuss-Reineck, Marilyn. 1993. Sibling communication in Star Trek: The Next Generation: Conflicts between brothers. Miami, FL: Speech Communication Association, text-fiche, ED364932.
Website (section 17.237)
Lynch, Tim. 1996. Review of DS9 trials and tribble-ations. Psi Phi: Bradley's Science Fiction Club. http://www.bradley.edu/campusorg/psiphi/DS9/ep/503r.html (accessed October 8, 1997).
There are two different Chicago Styles. The one shown above is for a Reference List which is starting to become the more common one. See the printed manual for the other.
Arrange the items on your reference list alphabetically by author, interfiling books, articles, etc. (section 16.93).
Doublespace all lines (section 2.29).
Indent the second and following lines (section 2.29).
For ranges of page numbers, use an en dash instead of a hyphen (section 9.62).
If no author is given, start with the title and then the date (section 17.32) - except with newspapers (see above).
Journal, magazine, or newspaper article from a database: Follow the examples shown above. Then add the URL of the database's homepage after the period (it is not necessary to include the long link directly to the article). End the URL with a period (section 17.359). If the database gives the first page number of the article but not the last, use "ff." after the first number: 126ff. (section 17.131).
Websites: (section 17.237) Include the title of the web page, the title of the entire website (or the owner of the website - these two might be the same, as in this example). Including the date you accessed the page is optional if it is not important that the contents might get revised or updated (section 17.12).
The rules concerning a title within a title are not displayed here for purposes of clarity. See sections 17.58 and 17.157 of the printed version of the manual for details.
For documents and situations not listed here, see the printed version of the manual or Chicago's official website for a list of frequently asked questions about "Documentation" and other aspects of Chicago style.
Further information on Citation Styles: